Proper rachea care must be practiced to avoid a blocked tube and to lessen the possibility of infection. A tracheostomy is a small opening that the surgeons make through the anterior of the neck and into the windpipe. A tracheostomy tube is put into your trachea to aid in breathing. Read on to learn more.
When is Tracheostomy Considered?
Tracheostomy is done for several reasons including:
- Cleaning and eradicating secretions like mucus from the trachea
- To bypass a clogged airway, the obstruction can be a tumor which can prevent oxygen from getting to the lungs.
- To carefully deliver oxygen to the lungs after a head and neck surgery
- Breathing trouble caused by inflammation, injury or respiratory conditions
- Extended need for mechanical breathing
- Diaphragm dysfunction
- Paralysis of the muscles involved in swallowing
Living With a Tracheostomy Tube
It can take up to three months for you to adapt to breathing via a tracheostomy tube. You will also have to rehearse before you’re able to talk and make sounds. This is mainly because air doesn’t pass through your voice box. Some people tend to cover the tubes to be able to speak. You can also use special valves that can allow you to speak by allowing air to exit through the nose and the mouth.
Equipment needed for tracheal care
- One tracheal tube similar to the existing one and another that is one size smaller
- Obturator for every tube and a blank syringe
- One set of trach ties
- Suction catheters
- Normal saline and a water-based lubricant
- Recovery breathing bag and mask
- One way valve
- Hydrogen peroxide
- A tracheostomy bib
- Cotton wool applicator sticks
- Disposable paper cups
Daily Tracheal Care
A nurse will teach you how to clean and change your tracheostomy tube to prevent infections and reduce the risk of complications. A tracheostomy tube is made up of three parts,
- The obturator that directs the tracheostomy tube into the windpipe before it is removed swiftly
- The exterior cannula that keeps the windpipe open
- The interior cannula which is positioned inside the outer cannula
It is essential to learn how to:
- Suction the tracheostomy tube
- Sanitize the suction tube
- Clean the interior cannula
- Clean the skin around the tracheostomy site
- Humidify the air that you breathe in
Tracheostomy care should be done daily. Cleaning the skin around the tracheostomy site is vital to prevent infections. Always wash your hand with water and soap before cleaning the skin. The skin around the tracheostomy should be cleaned using a combination of sterile water and cleaner. Suction catheters and equipment must also be cleaned.
Always seek medical attention if you experience abnormal breathing, bleeding from the stoma, and food and liquid coming out of the trach. Visit Medical Supply Depot for high quality supplies that will help you breathe easier.