Sometimes you may get a sore feeling in your rear, which can be uncomfortable. But what causes this soreness? Is it a hemorrhoid or an anal fissure? Hemorrhoids and anal fissures are relatively common and can cause bleeding from the anus, which can sometimes be a cause of alarm. You might wonder how you can effectively treat these problems. First, it helps to know how they differ. Read on to learn more.

Hemorrhoids

Also commonly called piles, hemorrhoids are inflamed veins situated in the anus or the lower rectum. Hemorrhoids can develop in both men and women and affect about 1 in 20 Americans. What’s more, almost half of the adult population older than 50 years has hemorrhoids. There are three types of hemorrhoids, namely:

  • Internal hemorrhoids, form in the lining of the anus as well as the lower rectum. They are usually painless even if they bleed.
  • External hemorrhoids, form under the skin around the anus
  • Thrombosed hemorrhoids are external hemorrhoids. They can lead to severe pain, swelling and a rigid bulge near the anus

Symptoms of hemorrhoids

  • Consistent anal pain
  • Bright red blood on toilet tissues
  • Anal irritation
  • Excruciating bowel movement
  • Hard tender bulge near the anus

What causes hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are caused by constant pressure on the anal and rectal veins. Increased pressure on these veins can occur because of the following reasons;

  • Chronic constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Pregnancy
  • Heavy lifting
  • Anal intercourse
  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Genetics

Hemorrhoid diagnosis and treatment

In many cases, hemorrhoids get better without treatment. However, in severe cases, medicine or surgery can be needed. You can ease the symptoms in the following ways;

  • Use painkillers to relieve the pain and discomfort
  • Ice packs and cold compresses can help with the swelling
  • Over the counter topical creams and ointments that contain hydrocortisone can also be of help
  • Use moist towelettes since dry ones can worsen the problem
  • Sometimes, surgery may be necessary if you have long distended hemorrhoids that are recurrent even after you have tried other forms of treatment

Anal fissures

Anal fissures are tears in the anus, and they are often confused with hemorrhoids.

What causes anal fissures?

Anal fissures result from the distending of the anal mucosa beyond its normal capacity. This usually happens when you strain during a bowel movement or pass large, dry stool. Anal fissures can sometimes be deep to the extent where they expose the underneath muscle tissues. Anal fissures affect people of all ages.

Symptoms of anal fissures

  • Piercing pain in the area during bowel movement
  • Itching or burning in the anal area
  • Blood on stool or a toilet paper after wiping
  • A noticeable tear in the skin around your anus

Causes of anal fissures

Anal fissures can occur for various reasons, including:

  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Constipation
  • Anal intercourse
  • Muscle spasm
  • Diarrhea
  • Underlying conditions like Crohn’s disease and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

In rare cases, anal fissures can be caused by anal cancer, and sexually transmitted infections like syphilis, HIV, herpes, Chlamydia and Human Papillomavirus (HPV).

Treatment of anal fissures

  • Drink more fluids
  • Apply topical creams and ointments to relieve the pain
  • Consume more fiber supplements or fibrous foods
  • Use over the counter pain relievers and stool softeners
  • Botox injection to paralyze the anal sphincter muscles and relax muscle spasm
  • Apply nitrogen ointments to increase the blood flow to the area, you can also use hydrocortisone cream to aid with the swelling.

Get The Right Supplies

It can be challenging to differentiate between hemorrhoids and anal fissures, mainly because most of the symptoms mimic each other. Never ignore any signs and if you think you have anal fissures or hemorrhoids, get medical attention immediately. Doctors specialized in this area will give you the best diagnosis and effective treatment for your condition. Visit Medical Supply Depot today for quality products to help treat hemorrhoids or anal fissures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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