Simply put, a scar is a permanent mark left on your skin after a wound has healed. The treatment depends on the size and its appearance.
How Does Scarring Happen?
Scars form when the skin is damaged. The scar tissues are made up of collagen, which is produced by the body to repair the damaged skin. In a typical skin structure, collagen has a cross weave structure, while in scar tissues, it is aligned corresponding to the plane of the skin. A young scar usually has a reddish color, is raised, itchy, and can also be a little painful. On the other hand, a mature scar is flattened and paler in color; however, it won’t disappear.
Types of scars
There are various types of scars, namely;
- Keloid scars: These scars result from an over forceful healing process and usually spread beyond the original injury.
- Acne scars: Acne scars are a sign of severe acne. Acne scars can be deep pits, wavelike scars, or even angular scars.
- Hypertrophic scars: These are scars that are similar to keloids; however, they don’t go beyond the original injury.
- Contracture scars: This type of scar occurs when the skin is burned. The scar makes the skin tighter and can impair your mobility. A contracture scar can get deeper and affect the nerve as well as the muscles.
Treating severe scarring
Although scars are permanent marks that cannot be treated, their look can be enhanced to some degree. Scar treatments might include:
Surgical removal or treatment
During a scar surgery, the scar is cut out to reduce the size of a scar and increase your flexibility. The surgery aims at modifying the shape of the scar to make it less noticeable. Surgical removal is not advisable for keloids and hypertrophic as it will increase the risk of a recurring scar.
Other surgical treatments for scars include laser surgery, skin grafts, excisions, or dermabrasion. A skin graft is commonly used to treat contracture scars. This procedure entails the use of skin from another area of the body.
There are two types of injections: filler injections and steroid injections. The filler injection is used to raise a sunken scar to the level of the nearby skin; however, the results are not permanent. Steroid injection entails the injection of steroids into the scar to reduce its size or flatten it.
This is a scar management procedure that involves the use of liquid nitrogen to cool the body tissues to lower than zero. The benefit is that it improves the look of the scar by impacting the underlying tissues.
Most commonly used for scar management, silicone-based treatment improves the appearance of hypertrophic and keloids scars. There are various silicone-based treatments available, including silicone gel sheets and creams.
Get The Right Scar Treatment
There are numerous methods that doctors can use to treat scars. Some are more effective than others. Additionally, you can get over-the-counter prescriptions that contain vitamin A; onion extract and vitamin E. Always make sure that the American Academy of Dermatology certifies the prescriptions. Visit Medical Supply Depot today for high quality and approved skincare products.