Essentially, your skin is a barrier that protects the body from radiation, extreme temperatures and, more importantly, infections. However, just a simple scratch is enough to open your skin, leaving the primary tissues exposed and vulnerable to harmful bacteria. Therefore, you should know how to identify a wound properly and how to administer treatment to avoid infections.
5 Types of Open Wounds
There are five types of open wounds, namely;
- Abrasion: An abrasion wound happens when the skin rubs against a rough surface, For instance, a scraped knee or a road rash. They are shallow wounds that don’t bleed often.
- Laceration: A laceration is a deep tear on the skin that usually occurs from accidents, or events involving machines, knives, or any other sharp tools. Deep cuts cause substantial blood loss that might require immediate medical attention.
- Avulsion: This type of wound is caused by forceful tearing of the skin and the underlying tissue. Avulsion can result from animal bites, car accidents, and traumatic incidents like explosions. This type of wound can lead to extensive bleeding.
- Puncture: A puncture wound results from any sharp object coming into contact with the skin, creating a small hole. Puncture wounds often don’t bleed but may still put you at risk of infection. Proper management should be done to avoid infections.
- Incision: This is a clean straight cut that results from surgical procedures. However, incisions can also be caused by accidents involving sharp objects like razor blades, broken glass, or knives.
Proper Wound Care
Minor wounds may not need medical treatment. You can take care of the wound at home. Proper wound management involves the following steps;
Hand hygiene: Be sure to practice thorough hand hygiene before beginning wound care. Clean your hands using hand sanitizer or soap and water. Put on disposable gloves before touching any wound. Clean and well-protected hands prevent infections.
Apply gentle pressure: when cuts fail to stop bleeding, apply mild pressure using a clean bandage or clothing until it stops bleeding. For burn wounds or injuries that are not bleeding, avoid this step.
Clean the wound: Use clean water or a wound cleanser to flush the wound and relax the skin eliminating layers of debris or bacteria. Once the wound is sterile, tap it dry with a clean cloth. If the wound is severe and contains dead shells, tissues, glass, or other foreign objects, you might need medical attention to remove the debris. Additionally, refrain from using ice-cold water if the wound is a result of a burn.
Bring in the antibiotics: You will need an antibiotic cream to help the wounded skin maintain a healthy moisture balance and prevent infections.
Close and dress the wound: The wound is ready and sterile for dressing. Dressing depends on the severity of the wound. Deep wounds might require stitches or staples, while minor injuries require waterproof bandages and gauzes.
Get Quality Wound Care Supplies
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